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I wrote over the weekend about the high risk of air ambulance helicopter crashes. Following a crash in Mosby, Missouri, the NTSB will take steps to reduce and prevent fatal medical helicopter crashes.

According to a report by KCTV-5 in Kansas City, the NTSB has called the number of medical helicopter crashes "unacceptable". Twenty-two (22) people were killed in the year between September 2009 and August 2010.

The federal government imposed few uniform regulations over [air ambulance] providers, but the NTSB is looking to change that. The board said pilot training and aircraft equipment are among areas that need uniform regulations, which the NTSB said will protect patients and crew members.

Serving as a crew member on an air ambulance is considered more dangerous than coal mining.

"Not all operators are created equally for a safety perspective," according to the NTSB.

KCTV-5 reports, however, that not all providers are happy with the regulations, which could cost the industry $136 million.

In May 2011, the NTSB presented a program titled Current Issues with Air Medical Transportation: EMS Helicopter Safety.

In its presentation, the NTSB asked a poignant question: Would you be willing to use an air ambulance when information about that operator’s pilot training, aircraft equipment, or operations were unknown?

The NTSB reached 3 primary conclusions:

(1) The current Helicopter EMS (HEMS) accident record is unacceptable.
(2) Not all air ambulance operators are created equally from a safety perspective.
(3) As consumers of air ambulance transport, you can "up the ante" on how they operate.

EMS Helicopter Crash Statistics -- Source: NTSB

The NTSB also emphasized that not all HEMS providers are the same when it comes to safety. While a few provide "world class" service and safety levels, several others provide only the bare minimum regulatory compliance or even sub-standard compliance.

Part of the problem is Medicare reimbursement rates. Regardless of whether the company provides world class safety and performance or substandard compliance, Medicare reimbursement is the same.

EMS Helicopter Service Reimbursed Same Regardless of Safety - Source: NTSB

Because of the unacceptable level of EMS helicopter crashes, the NTSB found that EMS helicopter crews had the highest-risk occupation in the world:

Medical Helicopter Crews Have Highest Risk Profession - Source: NTSB / Ira Blumen, M.D.

While it is too early to know what caused last weekend’s EMS helicopter crash near Mosby, Missouri, investigators are looking into the aircraft’s fuel supply.

Investigators are looking at whether the Eurocopter had run out of fuel when it crashed. The helicopter was planning to refuel in Mosby while transporting a patient from Bethany in northwest Missouri to Liberty’s hospital.

"My understanding is that our pilot asked our dispatch center to make sure that there was somebody available to provide fuel," [an Air Methods VP] said.

Source: KCTV-5

One commenter at the site Just Helicopters asked:

According to the press "The helicopter took off from a hospital in St. Joseph, MO, flew to Bethany’s Harrison County Community Hospital then headed for Liberty Hospital and had planned to make a stop for fuel in Mosby". It’s about 50NM from St. Joe to Bethany, then about 60 NM to Liberty. Less than an hour total flight time. Is it common to fly with so little fuel? One wonders whether the patient could have been transported almost as quickly had she taken a ground ambulance based in Bethany – provided they have a ground service and adequate level of care.

KCTV-5 also reported that the LifeNet helicopter seldom takes off with full tanks of gas. If lack of fuel was indeed the cause of this crash, one must ask the question: How did both the company and the pilot let the helicopter pick up this patient without sufficient fuel? It is basic safety in aviation to carry sufficient fuel for your destination as well as a sufficient reserve in case of emergency.

Read More:

[More on Helicopter Safety]

(c) Copyright 2011 Brett A. Emison


  1. Gravatar for F

    Consider the source when using JustHelicopters Forums as a source for anything. ruins your cred more than if you had called Wikipedia a scholarly reference.

  2. Gravatar for Brett Emison

    F - Give they folks a JustHelicopters a break. They are enthusiasts with opinions and I simply cited one of their commenters who asked a legitimate question. The safety data is backed up by the FAA and NTSB.

    Thanks for reading.

  3. Gravatar for Michael

    Brett this report is very well done. Seldom do you see so much coverage with as much good information in such a small space. But as F said don't use Just Helicopters as a source good question or not.

  4. Gravatar for Brett Emison

    Michael -- thanks for the kind words and helpful advice (the same goes to "F" as well).

    I try to find authoritative sources for my post and to also include a variety of sources. I thought the question posed was intriguing. I'll leave it to you and other readers to always consider the source and I will be mindful of that in the future.

    Sometimes, though, a good question is a good question. I saw what I thought was a good question and wanted to make sure to give the author due credit.

    I hope you understand why the question was included and I certainly understand and appreciate your (and F's) suggestion.

    Thanks again for reading!

Comments are closed.

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