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Brett Emison
Brett Emison
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Truck Driver Shortage & Highway Safety

4 comments

There is a shortage of safe, qualified truck drivers in the trucking industry. CNN estimated the current shortage at 200,000 drivers. However, a trucking industry consultant estimated today's shortage will increase to 800,000 by 2014.

This truck driver shortage has implications for highway safety. While defects within the trucks themselves sometimes enhance the danger in truck accidents, safety is at least partially the reason for the number of unfilled trucking positions. Brett Aquila at TruckingTruth told CNN: "Drivers are put under intense scrutiny before they get into the industry, and for good reason. It's incredibly risky putting someone behind the wheel of an 80,000 pound truck with your company's name on it."

In 2010, the federal government began publishing the safety records of not just trucking companies, but also individual drivers. This publication has led many companies to increase hiring standards and seek only drivers with very good safety ratings.

CNN also noted the difficulty of joining the industry. Commercial truck drivers must be qualified to operate a semi truck safely on the highway. Training to obtain a commercial's driver's license can take up to eight weeks and cost approximately $6,000.

But what about the current truckers on the road and the new truck drivers joining them. If with an initial training course, the highways may be flooded with rookie truck drivers without the experience to know the ins and outs of truck driving safety. There is a learning curve to every skill set and every profession. There may soon be a quarter-million semi truck drivers at the very beginning of that curve.

The driver shortage also puts a strain on current drivers because of increased demands placed on them by customers, shippers, and their employers. As Autoblog's headline says, the truck driver shortage means a longer wait for your packages. As trucking companies are pressured by customers to deliver freight, that pressure may trickle down to the drivers.

Even though hours of service regulations were tightened recently, drivers can still be forced by their employers to operate a semi truck for 14 11 consecutive hours (correct hours of service also referenced in this previous post) and be within the bounds of the rule. I've said time and again that the majority of truck drivers are responsible, safe professionals.

However, otherwise safe and professional tractor trailer drivers can be pushed by their trucking companies to log more hours over longer and longer stretches of highway. The trucking system is stacked against truck drivers because the corporations make millions off of the driver's hard work and shifts all of the burdens and risks onto the driver.

Drivers are frequently paid by the mile, not by the hour. Thus, when there is highway congestion, road construction, bad weather, or other delay, it is the driver that is penalized. The driver must work longer hours for the same pay and may be pressured to "make up time."

These industry pressures too often lead to lapses in judgment and cutting corners on safety. The Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety estimated in a report that 5,000 fatalities occur every year in the U.S. due to trucking accidents.

http://www.langdonemison.com/practice-areas/trucking-accidents

Too many hours behind the wheel and lead to dangerous fatigue in truck drivers. The U.S. DOT published the Driver Fatigue and Alertness Study, which found that truck driver fatigue is the leading factor in heavy truck accidents. But safer restrictions on time behind the wheel are necessary if we’re really going to respond to the problem as a nation.

Medical research shows that most people require 7 ½ to 8 hours of sleep a day. But the Driver Fatigue and Alertness Study states that the average truck driver gets 4.8 hours of sleep. It goes without saying that this minimal amount of rest may lead to sleep deprivation and driver fatigue.

Long hours trapped in a semi truck and unhealthy habits of the road lead many truck drivers to suffer from sleep apnea. Studies estimate that nearly 1/3 of semi truck drivers suffer from obstructive sleep apnea, which raises serious safety concerns.

UPDATE (7/31/2012): Legal Examiner contributor and professional truck driver, Truckie D, has a very good post describing the poor pay and working conditions suffered by many truck drivers that likely contribute to the shortage of drivers willing to drive semi trucks at current pay levels and working conditions. Check out his post The Driver Shortage Myth.

[More on Semi Truck and Tractor Trailer Crashes]

Read More:

(c) Copyright 2012 Brett A. Emison

Follow @BrettEmison on Twitter.

4 Comments

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  1. randy says:
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    Thanks for publishing 20 year old studies that came out years before the hours of service change I am a professional driver that works for a large trucking company our company policy is that if you are tired you are to pull over call the dispatcher and reschedual the load even if you have only been on duty 2 hours . second you can not drive a truck 14 hours a day you are only allowed 11 hours of driving a day I average 10 hour workdays and get 9 to 10 hours of sleep a night http://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/facts-research/LTCO2010/2010LargeTruckCrashOverview.aspx this is the link to recent up to date truck crash information . trucks are involved in less than 4000 fatal crashes a year this number has been going down almost every year for five years and passenger cars cause a large majority of those not the driver of the truck . the current rules are proven and effective I firmly believe the only way to make the roads safer is to get much tougher with the general driving population for instance three major offenses and your license is gone I would also like to see random roadside inspections
    of your cars and scrutinization of your every move
    to be sure you have not gone to long without sleep
    finally this bit about how trucking doesn’t pay enough I get paid a high rate per mile plus stop and unload pay I average 28 dollars an hour my company meanwhile makes do with a 4 to 6 percent profit margin hardly the millions you claim they are making off my poor back . The reason drivers are leaving the industry is over regulation not enough parking and being treated like dirt at half the places we go .

  2. Brett Emison says:
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    Randy,

    Thank you for reading and posting a comment – and also for correcting the typographical error on the hours of service requirement, which has now been corrected in the main body of the post.

    Your comment gives me optimism about the safety of our highways. I am thankful that the trucking you work for encourages its drivers to pull over and stop when drivers are fatigued. That policy is good for drivers, good for motorists, and good for safety. I hope you and your fellow drivers take full advantage of the policy. I am also encouraged that you and the drivers at your company are paid well. For too many, that’s just not the case. You have an important job that provides goods where needed and requires vigilant safety for the protection of other motorists. You earn every penny.

    You are also correct that fatigued and distracted driving is problem that affects all motorist – not just semi trucks. All drivers should be vigilant about their level of fatigue and no one should be distracted while driving.

    And I’m sure you’ll agree that truck drivers are particularly at risk for fatigue. Truck drivers log many more miles and many more hours behind the wheel than does a “normal” 4-wheel driver. Semi truck drivers may log odd hours due to shipment schedules. And semi truck drivers routinely haul loads weighing 80,000 pounds or more where a typical vehicle may weigh 1/20 of that amount.

    I agree, though, all drivers should be vigilant about safety.

    As I have said many, many times – the vast majority of semi-truck drivers are safety conscious professionals. It remains true, however, that there are companies and there are drivers for whom safety takes the proverbial “back seat” to schedules, shipments, and profit. With companies like yours, hopefully industry pressure will continue to make those who put profit over safety an increasingly small minority.

    Thank you for reading and commenting. I also encourage you to check out posts by Truckie D here at the Legal Examiner. Truckie D is a professional truck driver and authors posts from a truck driver’s perspective.

  3. Truckie D says:
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    Interesting post Brett.

    Due to comment length, please visit my blog at: http://truckied.wordpress.com/2012/07/31/the-driver-shortage-myth/

    td

  4. Brett Emison says:
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    Truckie D – great post. I will link to it in main body of my post above.